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Diet For People With Stomach Problems

People with stomach and duodenal ulcers should avoid roasted, fried, grilled, ham, sausages, yogurt, sour fruits, papaya.

The stomach plays an important role in nutrition. In addition to the storage of feed for gradual digestion, it is also the organ that purifies food and facilitates digestion and absorption of food in the small intestine. Peptic ulcer disease is quite common in the world and in Vietnam. In Vietnam, the disease accounts for about 26% and often ranks first among gastrointestinal diseases, with an increasing trend. The pathogenetic mechanism is mainly acid secretion.

Therefore, the diet helps to reduce acid secretion, reduce the effects of stomach acid on the lining of the stomach, limit or eliminate harmful stimuli for the stomach to rest and the lesions to heal quickly.

In order to digest and absorb food effectively, you should pay attention to cooked, simmered food, should not use raw food, chew carefully, eat slowly. Do not eat too much at once but divide into several meals (4-5 meals), eat several meals to regularly neutralize acid effects. Every meal should be light to avoid causing stomach tension because stomach strain easily stimulates acid secretion. In addition, do not eat too much soup used with meals. After eating, do not work hard or jump instantly.

Foods to eat
- Milk, eggs buffer effect neutralize acidity in the stomach: cow's milk, canned milk, butter, cheese.

- Protein-rich foods (lean meat and fish should be boiled, steamed, braised and easily absorbed).

- Vegetables used young vegetables boiled or cooked in the form of soup, vegetables must be cooked.

- Foods with little taste like starch (broken rice, sticky rice, bread, potatoes, porridge).

- Raw cooking oil works to reduce gastric secretion (in small quantities).

Foods to avoid
- Foods with many flavors, aromatic substances such as roast, fried, grilled meat, salted meat, salted fish and fried oily dishes.

- Processed cold meats: ham, sausages, sausages and sauces, thick fish gravy.

- Yogurt.

- Hard, chewy foods cause rubbing of the stomach lining like tendons and cartilage; senile vegetables ...

- Spices, garlic vinegar, chilli pepper, cucumber, salt onion.

- Sour fruits, ripe papaya, banana bananas, apples.

- Tea, solid coffee, quit alcohol, cigarettes.

A few things to keep in mind when preparing food

- When cooked foods should be chopped, crushed, grinded to reduce stimulation of gastric secretion and transport food through the stomach quickly.

- Food temperature also affects stomach irritation, for example, too cold food makes a strong contraction of stomach muscles, too hot food makes the mucous membranes congestion and contract more strongly.

- Food concentration also affects digestion.

If the food is too thick, the enzyme does not permeate into the food or the food is too liquid, the digestive enzyme is diluted and the digestion will be worse. Therefore, the food will be best digested when drinking only 100-200 ml of water during a meal.

 If diarrhea, sweating more, you can drink more but drink outside meals.

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