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Earth Day 2020: Joining Hands 'Climate Action'



Over the past 50 years, Earth Day has become an annual event organized by the whole world to recognize the value of the natural environment, and thereby call for the active participation of each who join hands to protect the Earth . Climate change is one of the world's biggest challenges in the future, so the UN Earth Day theme was chosen on April 22, 2020 as "Climate Action".

* The biggest civil event on the planet
The first Earth Day event, held in 1970, drew millions of Americans in response. On April 22, 1970, about 20 million Americans (accounting for about 10% of the US population at the time) took to the streets to march in many cities, along with student activities organized on campus. universities to oppose ignorance, environmental awareness and demand a new way to protect the planet. Consequently, the first Earth Day was recorded as a launch event that promotes environmental protection movements and is now recognized as the largest civil event on the planet.
The Earth Day event also led to the passage of landmark environmental laws in the United States, including the Clean Air Act, Clean Water and the Endangered Species Protection Act. Subsequently, many countries around the world responded and soon passed similar laws.

Earth Day 22/4 has been recognized by the United Nations since 2009, becoming an annual event organized by the whole world, acknowledging the value of the Earth's natural environment, calling for the active participation of each person. to join hands to protect the planet. In 2016, the UN chose Earth Day as the day for the Paris Agreement to implement the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change officially came into effect.
Earth Day 22/4 has been recognized by the UN since 2009
"Climate action" was chosen by the UN as the theme of this year's Earth Day because climate change is one of the world's biggest challenges in the future. According to the UN report, at the end of 2020 In this context, many countries are expected to promote activities to implement the national commitments signed in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change. The whole world works together to create innovative and innovative actions to solve climate problems in the future.

Hayes, who headed the first Earth Day in 1970 and is also co-chair of the Earth Day event, said that although Earth Day has had significant success in promoting push for change in awareness and progressive actions on environmental issues, but the Earth now faces an even more terrible global environmental challenge, from loss of biodiversity to climate change. climate, plastic waste pollution ... Therefore, it is necessary to call for action at all levels of government to take innovative, innovative actions to address climate issues. The Earth Day 2020 event aims to build a new generation of environmental activists, attracting millions of people around the world to take action for the environment and for the Earth.

* Save the Earth with practical actions
The world will miss the opportunity to avoid a climate catastrophe if it does not immediately reduce its greenhouse gas emissions as a warning of the UN Environment Program (UNEP). According to UNEP, global emissions need to be reduced by about 7.6% per year by 2030 to limit global temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, the harsh reality is that emissions have increased. an average of 1.5% per year over the past decade, reaching a record 55.3 billion tons of CO2, or the equivalent of emissions in 2018, 3 years after 195 countries in the world signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

                                 Planting trees to protect the Earth
Meanwhile, French scientists said that greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels are warming the Earth's surface faster than previously understood. It is predicted that by 2100, the average temperature may increase from 6.5-7 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial heat level, if carbon emissions are not reduced. The goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change to prevent global warming "below 2 degrees C", if possible at 1.5 degrees C, will be difficult to achieve. With the Earth warming by 1 degree Celsius, the world has been facing increasingly severe heat waves, droughts, floods and tropical storms.

Under the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, countries pledged to limit global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to a safer level of 1.5 degrees Celsius if possible. . To do so, countries have agreed to reduce emissions and work towards a low-carbon world in the coming decades. However, the UN has found that the world is on track to put the Earth's temperature at risk of rising to 3.2 degrees Celsius even taking into account the commitments made by the countries under the Paris Agreement 2015. At temperatures This, scientists fear to cause unpredictable climate disaster. 

The UN believes that the goal of limiting the Earth's temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius is still achievable, but requires an unprecedented and coordinated change of the global economy, which is still rising. thanks largely to oil and gas. UNEP Executive Director Inger Andersen said: "We are failing to try to curb greenhouse gas emissions. If we do not take urgent action and drastically reduce global emissions, we are missing out. The goal is to limit Earth's temperature to 1.5 ° C. " 

According to the UN, "specific opportunities" for high-emission countries boost the economy in line with the goals set out in the Paris Agreement to completely eliminate coal use and reduce oil use. gas and enhance renewable energy. In general, countries need to make 5 times their efforts to reduce emissions to limit Earth's temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Earth Day this year is very special because it takes place in the context of COVID-19 acute respiratory infection. To protect the Earth, each of us can do simple things now or after the COVID-19 pandemic has passed: Planting trees, limiting disposable plastic, collecting chemicals Electronic applications instead of paper invoices, prioritize organic food, save water, reduce meat consumption to limit greenhouse gases from the livestock industry, read on digital devices instead of printing paper documents, meetings online, turn off and unplug unused electrical appliances, travel by public transport ...

 The Earth needs to be protected not only for one day but for 365 days of the year from the small but extremely necessary actions this fact.



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