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China Publishes Details Of Hong Kong's Security Laws

The new security law allows China to extradite any national security breach of the mainland if the incident is deemed to be beyond the capabilities of the special zone. 

The South China Morning Post reported that China has published the details of the Hong Kong security law that officially came into effect on July 1, consisting of four chapters with 66 articles. 

The four chapters divide the violation of national security and special zone security into four main crimes: secession, overthrow of the government, terrorism and collusion with foreign powers. If arrested, the offender may be sentenced to between three years and life imprisonment depending on the severity. 

However, the South China Morning Post assesses the content of specific explanations of what constitutes a crime of infringement on national security.

For example, the law explains the propaganda, spreading the negative view of the special zone government illegally or preventing the special zone government from implementing policies and laws that have the guidance and support or financial support from abroad may be considered colluding with foreign powers.

Similarly, making calls to countries or international organizations to embargo or create difficulties for Hong Kong is also considered collusion with foreign powers. 

Meanwhile, sabotage of public transport can constitute a crime of terrorism. This is said to be the mainland's response to last year's Hong Kong protesters sabotaging subways. 

Notably, violators of Hong Kong's security law could be extradited to the mainland if the incident shows signs of "complex foreign interference" that the special zone authorities are deemed incompetent to handle itself.

In addition, to help resolve the cases that Beijing has to directly involve, a new agency will be set up in Hong Kong to carry out joint investigations and preserve national security. 

It also reserves the right to keep information about ongoing campaigns confidential, without having to disclose to the Hong Kong Judiciary branch for legal review.

All relevant agencies and departments in Hong Kong are required to cooperate with the new agency or will be prosecuted for liability.

Under Article 60, employees working at a new agency are exempted from body search and transportation.
Article 54 of the security law states that the new agency, along with others such as the Chinese Foreign Ministry's Special Envoy Office in Hong Kong, needs to strengthen control of non-governmental organizations and weak media, Foreign elements in this special area.  

In addition, the Supreme People's Procuracy and the Chinese Supreme People's Court will also send representatives to Hong Kong on duty. 

Commenting on the new security law, Hong Kong's Civil Party leader, Senator Alvin Yeung, said that the law gave too much power to mainland agencies, affecting the basic freedoms of Hong Kong people. 

"Beijing is clearly capable of deciding these cases on its own and will be under the authority of the mainland. They can extradite anyone to conduct closed trials. Beijing is embarrassing to justify He insisted on the principle of "one country, two regimes and did so."
Mr. Yeung said. 

He also emphasized that if the special zone government still wants to uphold the Basic Law (the document considered Hong Kong's miniature Constitution), it should take steps to monitor and closely inspect the enforcement of the new security laws. 

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