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The Cause Of The Explosion In Beirut Has Been Identified

According to Lebanese television channel LBCI, the cause of the horrific explosion in the capital Beirut on August 4 killed at least 100 people and nearly 4,000 were injured by the explosion of ammonium nitrate salt.

Initial information indicates that the explosion occurred during welding in the warehouse. Sparks sparked the bombs near the warehouse, and these exploded 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate.

According to LBCI, customs officers confiscated the ammonium nitrate from a Russian businessman and stored it there. It is known that these chemicals are stored in Beirut port and waiting to be processed from 2014.

The Jordan Seismological Observatory identified the explosion as equivalent to an earthquake of magnitude 4.5 on the Richter scale.

Lebanese Prime Minister Hassan Diab is leading the investigation into the explosion. The Libyan Defense Council declared Beirut a disaster area and called on the country's government to declare a state of emergency in the capital.

Earlier, Lebanese Prime Minister Hassan Diab also said about 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate had been stored for many years at the exploding Beirut port warehouse, causing serious damage in the Lebanese capital. Experts say ammonium nitrate is unlikely to cause an explosion under normal storage conditions and is not exposed to high temperatures.

"If you watch a video of the explosion in Beirut, you can see black smoke, you see red smoke, that's an unfinished chemical reaction."

Said Jimmie Oxley, professor of chemistry at Rhode Island University in the US.

Oxley said that a small explosion resulted in the reaction of the ammonium nitrate compound, which is an oxidizer, not a flammable substance.

For decades, ammonium nitrate, an odorless powder commonly used as a chemical fertilizer, has also been the culprit of many serious industrial explosions around the world. In particular, notably, the explosion occurred at a chemical fertilizer plant Texas (USA) in 2013 that killed 15 people.

Another explosion at a chemical plant in the city of Toulouse (France) in 2001 claimed the lives of 31 people. Ammonium nitrate is an indispensable compound when used legally in agriculture and construction.

On August 5 (local time), the Lebanese Red Cross confirmed that the number of deaths in the big explosion in the city of Beirut on the evening of August 4 (local time) reached over 100, In addition, more than 4,000 people were injured.

Staff of the Lebanese Red Cross are continuing search and rescue operations in the affected areas. Some countries such as Germany, Belgium, Indonesia, Philippines, Australia, have confirmed their citizens are among the casualties in this explosion.


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