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The Lebanese Ambassador to Germany becomes the new Prime Minister

 

Lebanese Ambassador to Germany Mustapha Adib was appointed as the new Prime Minister prior to the French President's visit to Beirut. He is expected to push for long-delayed reforms to lift the Middle East nation out of a deep crisis.

Emmanuel Macron, who will make his second visit to Lebanon on August 31st in less than a month, has spearheaded international efforts to get Lebanon's lousy leaders to address the root causes of the conflict. The financial crisis devastated the economy even before the terrible explosion on August 4 caused 190 deaths.

With its economy going down, a Lebanese country with growing internal problems, the former French protectorate was facing the greatest threat to since the 1975-1990 civil war.

Senior Lebanese officials say, Macron's mediation is essential to secure a deal on a candidate for 48 hours before unanimously voting for Mustapha Adib. Last week, they were completely deadlocked who would be the next leader.

Adib's name rose to prominence on August 30 when he was nominated by former prime ministers, including Saad al-Hariri, the head of Lebanon's largest Sunni Muslim party. The prime minister should belong to a Sunni of the sectarian Lebanese sect.

Adib has been a special envoy to Berlin since 2013 and is an advisor to a former prime minister, gaining support from a majority of lawmakers.

The Lebanese forces, a Christian group, appear to be the only major party that does not support him. They favor another ambassador, Nawaf Salam, an option strongly opposed by Hezbollah.

At the height of the economic crisis, sectarian tensions flared up last week in a deadly clash between Sunni and Shi'ites in southern Beirut.

In the past, the creation of a new government took months of struggle.

A French presidential source said Macron's request was "very clear: a missionary, clean, efficient government that can carry out the necessary reforms in Lebanon and thus can receive strong support for international households ”.

With the backing of the most influential people in Lebanese politics, Adib will enjoy more support than Hassan Diab, who left his government on August 10 following the blast.

Donor nations want to see Lebanon deal with corruption and waste, the root cause of the financial crisis.

Lebanon won pledges of more than $ 11 billion in support at a conference in Paris in 2018 on the condition of reforms that it failed to implement, such as power sector reforms that bleed state funds still does not provide enough electricity for 24 hours.

Once appointed, the process of setting up a new government will begin. Until a new government is unified, the outgoing government will continue in a managerial role.

The financial crisis of Lebanon has caused the currency to fall 80% in value since October, causing people to rush to withdraw money in a crippled banking system, and cause poverty and unemployment.

 


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