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The most common causes of vaginal pain and treatment methods


Vaginal pain has many causes, including infection, irritation, or trauma. We have compiled the most common causes of vaginal pain, treatment and relief options.

Vaginal pain can be due to a variety of reasons. Various infections such as irritation, trauma or urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and sexually transmitted infections can cause vaginal pain.

Some causes of vaginal pain symptoms can be treated or prevented at home by following some basic hygiene instructions. Fungal infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications. Other causes of vaginal pain, including all sexually transmitted infections, will need to be evaluated and treated by a doctor. The risk of sexually transmitted infections can be greatly reduced with the right protection methods.

If you experience vaginal pain, you could probably experience these as well as:

Itching sensation

- Vaginal discharge

Vaginal dryness

Lesions or blisters

- Bad smell

Burning sensation

Pain during sexual intercourse


There are multiple causes of vaginal pain, including infection, irritation, or trauma. Viral and bacterial infections, whether sexually transmitted or not, can cause lesions, pain, discharge, or itching. Yeast infections and urinary tract infections can also cause vaginal pain. Irritation from hygiene products or vaginal dryness can also cause pain. Less commonly, vaginal pain symptoms are due to trauma or vaginal pain syndrome.


Vaginal pain can be caused by the following infections.

Viral infections: Some viruses can cause vaginal infection and pain. Most of these viruses are sexually transmitted. Some viruses can cause lesions or blisters outside of the vagina that can be very painful.

Bacterial infections: Some bacterial infections can cause vaginal pain symptoms. Some bacterial infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, are sexually transmitted. Infections such as bacterial vaginosis are not sexually transmitted.

Yeast infections: Yeast infections are a common cause of vaginal discomfort or pain. It often occurs with itching and vaginal discharge.

Urinary tract infections: Bacteria can spread to the urethra and cause an infection in the urethra. This can cause pain in and around the urethra, especially burning during urination.


Causes due to irritation of the vagina may be related to the following.

After menopause: After menopause, natural lubrication in the vagina decreases. This can cause vaginal dryness, causing irritation or pain.

Topical irritation: Many things can irritate the outside of the vagina, and soap or lotions and different hygiene products can cause pain.


Other causes of vaginal pain may be related to the following.

Pain syndromes: Vaginal pain syndromes are a less common cause of vaginal pain. They typically occur with pain during sexual intercourse or vaginal penetration.

Trauma: Any trauma to the vagina or surrounding area can cause pain. Usually pain occurs after intercourse.

Postpartum: It is common for women to experience vaginal pain or soreness after giving birth.


Fungal infections are caused by changes in the balance of microscopic organisms in the vulvar and vaginal areas. The term "yeast infection" is most commonly used to describe symptoms caused by the Candida albicans fungus.

Symptoms include itching, burning, and redness of the vaginal and vulva.


The Bartholin gland is located on the outside of the vagina and is responsible for fluid production. Bartholin duct abscess may occur as a result of bacterial infection in the gland and accumulated fluid.

The main symptoms are; Vaginal pain, painful sexual intercourse, swelling on the outside of the vagina, and a lump in the vagina.


Bartholin's cyst is a fluid-filled mass that can develop near the vaginal opening. They can be painful or painless and are caused by a buildup of fluid in a small gland near the vaginal canal.

Symptoms include predominantly painless swelling near the vaginal opening, as well as pain or discomfort in the vaginal area with or without activity. Bartholin's cysts do not require routine treatment. Painful or amorphous cysts can be treated using a number of different surgical options to drain or completely remove the cyst. No treatment is required for small Bartholin's cysts that don't bother you.


Lichen sclerosis is a chronic skin disease that occurs with white, wrinkled, fine skin spots. This discomfort usually occurs in the anus and genital areas.

The primary symptoms of lichen sclerosus are bruising, bleeding, inflammation, vaginal itching or burning, vaginal pain, painful sexual intercourse, dry skin outside of the vagina, painful urination, as well as skin changes in the affected areas. Lichen sclerosis is benign but can cause significant discomfort and deformity. Treatment options include topical and oral medications and phototherapy.


Vulva cancer is cancer of the outer part of the female sexual organ. The most common symptoms include vaginal discharge, vaginal itching or burning, vaginal pain, painful urination, lump in the vagina.


The best ways to manage or prevent vaginal pain can start at home. You can evaluate the options below.

Hygiene: Use gentle, unscented soaps outside the vagina and avoid using the products inside the vagina. Avoid shaving if the surrounding skin becomes irritated.

Over-the-counter medications: Yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications. However, if you are unsure of the cause of your symptoms, see a doctor who can diagnose the problem.

Prevention of infectious infections: Use the necessary protection methods to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted infections.

If your vaginal pain gets worse or persists, you should see your doctor. Your doctor may recommend the following for treatment.

Antibiotics: If your symptoms are caused by bacterial vaginosis, urinary tract infection, or a bacterial infection such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics.

Other medications: There are a variety of topical and oral medications that can help with vaginal dryness. If you have a viral infection, the doctor may prescribe antivirals.

Referral to a specialist: If the doctor suspects you have vaginal pain syndrome, they can refer you to a specialist who diagnoses and treats the condition.

If you have severe vaginal pain, seek treatment immediately.

This list is not medical advice and may not be fully representative of what you have.


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